19 garden landscaping ideas for your dream outdoor space

A zoned back garden with naturalistic planting
(Image credit: Colin Poole)

Lacking in great garden landscaping ideas? Whether you have self built and are staring at your bare plot trying to summon some garden inspiration, or have inherited a less than attractive outdoor space, our collection of the best ways to really make the most of a garden blank canvas is here to save the day. 

Creating a new garden from scratch actually presents you with some unique opportunities and often results in some of the most successful end results. Not only will you be spared the headache of having to work around existing items or hurdles, but you can also think about exactly how you want the space to work for you.

You should approach garden design just as you would the design of a new house, weaving in features you have long been dreaming of and taking the chance to create something that is tailored precisely to your individual requirements. 

Our round up of garden landscaping ideas brings together some of the best tips around on how to get stuck into transforming your new outdoor space from bland to grand. 

Garden Landscaping Ideas From Scratch

Before you can start to develop your landscaping ideas you need to pull together a list of your top garden priorities. For your new space to meet all your needs, you need to know what you want from the space. Point to consider include: 

  • The orientation of your site
  • Your garden cost
  • How much maintenance you are prepared for
  • How you want to use your garden (dining in, for example)
  • Your site — sloping, shady, exposed etc.
  • The size of the garden
  • Your power and water supply requirements

1. Create a connection with your home

A traditional garden with large planting beds and a lawn with wooden pergola walway

A garden should be harmonious with its surroundings (Image credit: Emily Crowley-Wroe)

Garden designer Emily Crowley-Wroe approaches her projects first by reading the materials/style of the house and the vernacular of the surrounding area. In her recent award-winning project the inside of the house had lime-washed walls and contemporary greys and whites. 

"This created a light, modern and airy feel while the floor to ceiling glass extension draws the outside in,' says Emily.

'The blue-grey cobbles and limestone floor reflect these interior materials and complement the purple/blue tones in the planting. Cotswold stone was used for the walling to match the buildings and rusty steel for an agricultural feel,' she says.

Emily Crowley-Wroe headshot
Emily Crowley-Wroe

A professionally trained garden designer based in the Cotswolds. Emily won an award in the prestigious 2024 Society of Garden Design awards.

2. Let planting take centre stage

A planting bed filled with cottage garden plants in front of a red brick house

All gardens need plants (Image credit: Matt Nichol)

'Without plants you might as well sit in your living room and have the window open. Immersing yourself in a space filled with plants and the wildlife they attract is one of the simplest but greatest joys in the world,' says garden designer Matt Nichols

'Pave or gravel a space and you can sit in it. I’d argue you’re not going to want to sit there for long though. It’s the planting that makes a garden, everything else simply facilitates humans being in that space for longer, doing the things they want to do. It’s the latter that often gets the attention, but it’s the former that is the vital element,' explains Matt.

Matt Nichols headshot
Matt Nichol

Matt enjoys working with his clients to create imaginative and practical gardens. His thoughtful approach to design considers location and lifestyle in balance to achieve gardens which are sympathetic to their surroundings and client's needs. 

3. Make environmental considerations for a healthy garden landscape

A richly planted garden with gravel pathways

Drainage should be a key consideration for garden design (Image credit: Alister Thorpe)

"Integrating elements for habitat creation, such as log piles, gabions, sand piles, and water features, are essential to support local wildlife and create a balanced ecosystem within the garden," says landscape architect Stefano Marinaz.

"These features provide shelter, nesting sites, and food sources for various creatures, contributing to the overall health and resilience of the landscape," says Stefano.

"Incorporating as many permeable surfaces as possible is vital to promote rainwater infiltration, reduce runoff, and mitigate flooding while replenishing groundwater reserves."

"Overall, by including these landscaping elements, a garden can not only be aesthetically pleasing but also environmentally responsible and supportive of local biodiversity," says Stefano.

Stefano Marinaz headshot
Stefano Marinaz

'I set up Stefano Marinaz Landscape Architecture ten years ago, inspired by the vision of giving as many people as possible the opportunity to have a beautifully designed garden.' 

4. Keep landscaping materials complimentary

A wooden slatted fence with a wooden bench and gravel as well as planting

Avoid materials which don't work well together (Image credit: Matt Nichol)

"There is no optimal number of different materials to combine in a design, this is largely down to the overall design aesthetic and the designer’s/ clients preferences. I often use the same material in a number of different formats to create an interesting but, subtle spatial arrangement or detail," explains Matt Nichol.

"Too many materials poorly combined will create a design that lacks unity and this should be avoided. Providing contrast and ‘zig-zag’ in a design layout is where designers can create interest within the design. This has to then be paired with the practicality of the material for any given location and aspect. Not all materials perform well in all conditions" he says.

5. Consider Using a Garden Designer

new oak frame self build with landscaped garden

A garden designer may be a good option for costing out what you want (Image credit: Polly Eltes)

Starting with a bare plot might be your idea of a dream — or it may well feel more daunting than exciting. 

It can be hard to know where to start faced with a completely blank canvas which is where a garden designer can be worth their weight in gold. 

“When the house was being built, we lived in a caravan which was a chance for me to sign up to a garden design course and complete it at home," explains owner Helen Day. 

"There was nothing in the garden apart from the big trees — just muck, and the land was contaminated. We had to have all the soil brought in. I drew up a plan to scale, including two pergolas, and Victor (Helen's husband) ‘drew’ it on the garden. Luckily, he likes doing things like that! Then I set about planting...”

6. Keep Your Plant Choices Local

patio with wooden patio furniture and country garden planting

Don't force plants to grow outside their natural habitat (Image credit: Bridgman)

There are several reasons why it is best to choose native plants over non-native. Firstly, they are likely to do far better in the climate they were originally from with less hands-on input and secondly they will usually be cheaper to buy. 

As well as choosing indigenous plants, do consider the orientation of your garden as well as your soil type — picking a planting scheme that enjoys free-draining soil and full sun for a shady garden with heavy clay soil is never going to give you an easy ride. 

More information on soil types and different grasses, take a look at our guide on how to sow grass seed.

7. Create Private Spots in An Open Space

patio with high hedges and fence

An overlooked garden isn't a relaxed one (Image credit: Danetti)

Sheltered and intimate seating spots are important in any garden, but when starting from scratch they can be lacking. 

Take a look at the areas of the garden that will make the best dining or relaxing spaces and then ensure they are hidden from prying eyes. For this you need to pull together some garden fence ideas or look at garden walls or hedges, or use a combination of these boundary types.

Make sure that your privacy fence ideas won't block too much light or a great view. 

8. Take Your Site into Consideration

landscaped sloping garden with terraces and purple allium planting scheme

This beautiful garden design is by Kate Gould Gardens. (Image credit: Nicola Stocken Photography)

Not all gardens are level, easy-to-work with spaces, but sometimes the most challenging sites result in the most stunning of schemes. 

Rather than working against your site, use what you have. Incorporating terraces is the perfect approach for anyone mulling over sloping garden ideas — plus it helps you instantly form zones within an open space.

9. Create Somewhere For Alfresco Dining

colourful garden furniture on paved patio

Outdoor dining is the ideal way to enjoy your garden (Image credit: LifestyleGarden)

Every garden should have somewhere to sit out and enjoy a meal in the warmer months. Creating a paved spot to locate your outdoor dining furniture will really ensure you can make the most of the new space.

Your patio ideas should take into consideration the size of your garden as a whole, where the sun is at the times you are likely to want to sit there the most, and how many people you will want to seat at your garden table. 

Think about the paving material you use too — it needs to be level and offer good drainage. 

10. Consider Building a Garden Room

Garden room building at the back of a garden

A garden building is a great way to add space to your home (Image credit: Green Retreats)

Now is the time to think about whether your garden to play host to a garden room or summer house — it makes sense to construct this at the same time as other landscaping work is underway as you will be able to run power and possibly water and drainage to the space without disrupting the garden at a later date. 

Your garden room ideas need to reflect both the style of your house, as well as the size and style of your garden — a contemporary garden will really suit a minimalist design of garden room, while a pretty English country garden will look best paired with a wooden, timber frame or brick built structure. 

11. Think Through Maintenance Requirements

small courtyard garden with artificial grass

Be advised of the environmental implications of artificial grass (Image credit: Helen Fickling Photography)

Not everyone relishes the idea of spending their spare time pottering around the garden — in fact for many people gardening can seem more like a chore than a pleasure. 

If this sounds like you then really think through your material choices when it comes to your garden — what you are after are low maintenance garden ideas that allow you to enjoy your garden in a hands-off way.

Paving, artificial grass and fences and walls (as opposed to hedges) are all features to consider. This contemporary courtyard garden by Kate Gould Gardens was designed as an easy-to-care for space for children to play and the owners to entertain guests. 

12. Get On Trend With An Outdoor Kitchen

courtyard garden with a nuilt in outdoor kitchen area and seating area in the background

Outdoor kitchens are a great way to zone your garden (Image credit: Dan Duchars)

According to a recent report by Atlas Ceramics, outdoor kitchens are the most in-demand kitchen trend of 2022.

It isn't hard to see the allure of outdoor kitchen ideas — no more lugging meals to and fro and somewhere to store all your bbq and cooking equipment close to hand. Outdoor kitchens can also be designed to provide shelter (perfect for the unpredictable UK climate). 

Creating a new garden from scratch is the ideal time to build an alfresco kitchen too — you will need power for appliances and lighting, and ideally a water supply.

13. Split Your Garden Into Zones

A circular patio at the bottom of a garden with a separate seating area near the house

Plan your zones based on the conditions of your site at different times of the day (Image credit: Colin Poole)

Gardens of all sizes can benefit from being split into different areas. Although zoning is often popular with those after small garden design ideas, this is a great way of dividing up large gardens too in order to avoid them feeling too exposed or lacking in interest.

The zones you create will obviously reflect how you plan on using the space, but possibilities include spaces for dining, quietly relaxing and for children to play in. Hedges, fences, walls and even larger plants can all be used to create different areas. 

14. Mix and Match Hard Paving Materials

A sunken patio with steps leading up to a lawn area in a garden

One landscaping material throughout can look a little bare (Image credit: David Giles)

An expanse of hard landscaping can sometimes feel a little soulless but this can be avoided by using a combination of different paving materials.

Some of the best garden paving ideas include natural stone, gravel, porcelain and bricks — combining several of these in various patterns and designs will really add interest and soften the whole look of a space. 

15. Introduce Water To Your Garden

A landscaped water feature with stepping stones

Water adds depth and tranquility to a landscape (Image credit: Colin Poole)

The sight and sound of water in the garden really injects a sense of tranquility and magic into the space. There are so many ways to bring water into your garden design, from small wall-mounted water features to wildlife ponds, grand freestanding fountains or that favourite Japanese garden idea, a koi pond. 

It is wise to plan water features in early on in the design process as you might need an electricity source to power pumps and lighting. 

Likewise, ponds will benefit from early planning — all the better if you can get them dug while you still have builders on site with the necessary equipment. 

16. Incorporate an Outdoor Fireplace

A fireplace in a garden built into a blue painted wall

You will need a professional to install a built-in outdoor fireplace (Image credit: Claire Lloyd Davies)

One up from a fire pit or patio heater, outdoor fireplaces not only look great, but they also mean those cosy evenings sitting outside need not be cut short by a sharp drop in temperature.  

Locate your new outdoor fireplace close to your seating space and consider whether you will be prepared to use a builder to build the fireplace to ensure it has a good draw.  

17. Seize The Chance To Build a Swimming Pool

A swimming pool in a garden with a lawn and a view

Pools are an investment which require maintenance (Image credit: Alistair Nicholls)

Always dreamt of waking up and diving into your very own swimming pool? Creating a garden from scratch is the ideal time to turn that dream into reality. 

Although swimming pools are costly and won't be an option for everyone, they are a highly desirable garden feature for many. The standard size of a swimming pool is 11 x 4m but if your garden is not big enough to accommodate this it is, of course, possible to go smaller — or why not take a look a natural swimming pool instead?

18. Create Some Beautiful Built-in Seating

Built in seating in a back garden with outdoor cushions

Maximise your space with built-in seating (Image credit: Helen Fickling Photography)

A really popular garden landscaping idea at present is to create built-in bench-style seating and combine it with planters. This is actually a brilliant idea for those with smaller spaces as it ticks two boxes at once — plus it is a project within the capabilities of most DIYers. 

Ensure the new seating space feels protected by using boundaries that are high enough to deal with any potential overlooking issues. 

Within this scheme by Kate Gould Gardens the outdoor entertaining space features a large built-in seating area, made up of polished concrete and grey tones with flashes of colour introduced by the soft furnishings and surrounding greenery. 

19. Use Sunken Spaces For a Sociable Vibe

A sunken seating area in back garden with luxurious seating

Different levels for seating is a way to create interest (Image credit: Inside out living)

Sunken seating spaces can deal with a number of landscaping issues, including sloping sites and overlooking. However, digging out a sunken patio area is also just a brilliant way to add interest or create a cosy spot in which to gather with friends.

You should look at some retaining wall ideas first as you will need a way to hold the soil back around your new patio. These walls can often be turned into a beautiful garden feature in their own right providing you choose attractive materials to complement those used elsewhere in your garden or house design scheme. 

Natasha Brinsmead

Natasha is Homebuilding & Renovating’s Associate Content Editor and has been a member of the team for over two decades. An experienced journalist and renovation expert, she has written for a number of homes titles. Over the years Natasha has renovated and carried out a side extension to a Victorian terrace. She is currently living in the rural Edwardian cottage she renovated and extended on a largely DIY basis, living on site for the duration of the project. She is now looking for her next project — something which is proving far harder than she thought it would be.