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When building an extension, the type of works and the order they are carried out in will obviously vary from project to project, but this planner will give you a good idea of what to expect and how to ensure the project runs smoothly.
The extension schedule below has been based on a single storey kitchen extension. This should give you an idea on how long your extension will take and allow you to scale up, or down, accordingly. A two storey extension takes between three to five weeks longer than a single storey design. And, if you plan to live in the house while the work is carried out, things tend to take longer.
Is your Home Properly Insured?
First things first. Did you know that your existing home insurance policy may not cover any works undertaken as part of an extension project?
To make sure your home is properly insured during substantial home improvements, you’ll need a specialist policy. Homebuilding & Renovating has partnered with Self Build Zone to provide bespoke solutions at market-leading prices.
An Extension Schedule
1. Setting out, footings dug, and foundations poured
- Builders will arrive on site.
- If you are project managing, you may need to arrange digger hire, but your builders should do this for you.
2. Building up to damp-proof course (DPC), drains installed, DPC installed and concrete oversite/floor structure put in place
- Ensure materials are ordered and delivered ready for the concrete floors to be poured, including insulation and any damp-proof membrane.
- In some cases, a drain run may require that a concrete lintel will need to be inserted into the brickwork at this stage.
- Sand will then be put down before the damp-proof membrane, insulation and the concrete slab is poured.
3. Building of external walls
- It varies whether the brickwork or blocks are built first, but in both cases cavity wall insulation will be fitted at this point.
- Wall ties are used to fix the new walls to those in the existing house.
4. Internal walls built
- It’s time to begin thinking about arranging delivery of items further down the line which can be on lead times of three to five weeks (e.g. windows, roof tiles).
5. Roof structure built
- A carpenter will be brought in at this stage to build the roof structure. In the case of rooflights being fitted, they will also be in charge of this in most cases.
- Ensure the roofers know when they are needed — you want to get watertight as soon as possible.
- Check all materials are in place for the roofing, including lead.
6. Roof Coverings
- Roofing membrane will be laid out over the rafters before roof battens are cut and fitted over — how they are spaced will depend on your roof covering of choice.
7. Install windows and doors
- It is likely (and certainly preferable) that door linings and window frames will have been put in place while the external walls were built, so fitting windows and doors can now be carried out.
8. First fix electrics and plumbing; carpentry
- Once the extension is watertight, electrics and plumbing can get underway. The two trades often have to work closely together, so ensure each knows what the other is doing to avoid delays.
9. Break through from existing house, steels put in place, joins made good
- With the breaking through from the existing house, this is where things can get messy and, if you are still going to be living in the house, you should start sealing yourself off from the mess as much as possible.
10. Plastering, followed by a period of drying out
- As a general rule, new plaster should be left for around a week before any decorating takes place.
- Be aware that plastering is a messy old job and that your plasterer will need a clear route to a water source (preferably not your bathroom…).
11. Second fix, electrics, plumbing, flooring fitted, and kitchen units installed
- You really need to ensure all these processes can work together and that each trade knows who is doing what and when, as this is a stage when delays can occur.
- Any leaks, problems with electrics and sticking doors and windows need to be reported to the relevant trade as soon as possible after finishing.
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Natasha is Homebuilding & Renovating’s Associate Editor. She is at the end of the DIY renovation and extension of an Edwardian cottage.
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