Our homes have long been influenced by the architecture and interior design of other countries and cultures. But today, there’s an interior trend which has become increasingly prevalent in the modern home — Scandinavian design.
What is Scandinavian Design?
- Functional and aesthetically pleasing: “Scandinavian style is characterised by three key components — functionality, simplicity and beauty,” explains Ikea’s Communication and Interior Design Manager, Craig Ritchie. A parity between functionality and aesthetics is at the core of Scandi design
- Natural materials: An appreciation for natural materials such as timber and craftsmanship have long been embedded in the Danish, Swedish and Norwegian design
- Wellbeing and hygge: An emphasis on wellbeing and, in particular, making the most of natural light, is important
- A ‘homely’ interior: Scandi design is the epitome of warm, cosy homes. “Simple in design, clean lines are often incorporated with understated elegance and warm functionality, which creates a very homely feel,” says Craig Ritchie of Ikea
- A versatile look: Scandinavian design does not represent one look; it’s a style which has evolved, encompassing many influences and ideas. From the more traditional and rustic (think folk-inspired textiles), to contemporary, pared-back Scandi interiors, there’s a look to suit most homes
What is Hygge?
In short, hygge is a Danish concept, originating from a Norwegian word, which roughly translates to ‘wellbeing’. It is characterised by being a cosy, welcoming and convivial way of living, that not only applies to our interiors but our food, clothes and activities too.
Think flickering candles, knitted throws, snuggling up with board games by the fire after a Sunday roast, laughter with close friends and you should begin to get the idea.
Hygge and the idea of creating warm, light interiors which promote wellbeing is important to Scandinavian look.
Oh, and if you are still wondering, it is pronounced ‘hoo-gah’, rhyming with cougar.
Scandinavian Design: Get the Look
Here are the key ingredients to achieving a touch of Scandinavian design in your own home.
Go for Scandinavian-Style Woodburning Stoves
Wood is not just used for lining Scandi interiors; it’s also burnt on stoves in these cold climes. A woodburning stove, accompanied by a stack of logs, is often (but not always) a subtle affair in the modern, Scandi-inspired room.
Norway’s Jøtul, Danish Morsø and Contura are three notable names to look out for when specifying a Scandi-inspired stove.
Choose Scandinavian Furniture
No discussion on Scandinavian interior design would be complete without reference to at least a handful of iconic pieces from native designers — particularly those which emerged during the mid-20th century.
Hans Wegner’s Wishbone Chair (see image below) is one design of particular note. Another name to look out for is Arne Jacobsen, a highly influential architect and designer of the period.
Lighting design is another area where the Scandinavians excelled in the 20th century; Poul Henningsen’s designs for Louis Poulsen are particularly recognisable.
Try the Scandinavian Design Center for Scandi-inspired furniture and lighting.
Keep Walls Light, Bright and Neutral in Scandi Interiors
A healthy serving of white – on walls, furniture and everywhere else – is important in Scandinavian interiors for good reason: with the cold winter climate and short winter days, this neutral colour feels light and airy throughout the year.
Cool whites work well in south-facing rooms, which receive the best of the warm, summer sunlight, while warmer whites will work hard to warm up north-facing rooms which receive lower levels of daylight and a more cooler, natural light.
Grey is another neutral which can be used to create a calm, soft interior; the same rules apply when it comes to choosing a warm or cool shade of this neutral.
Introduce Accent Colour to Scandinavian Rooms
White walls never look sparse in Scandi homes for two very good reasons: not only do natural materials bring warmth and texture, but many an interior scheme features a bold splash of colour.
Ideas for introducing accent colour include a sofa, chair or sizable item in a single bright hue.
Alternatively, patterned accessories work well; more traditional folk-style patterns lend themselves to cottage or country homes, while strikingly bold reds, yellows, oranges, blues and greens can be used to add a retro touch.
“Warmth can be created through the addition of deep reds and purples on cushions or lamps,” adds Ikea’s Craig Ritchie. “This style is all about small touches being used to create the full effect.”
This Kaleidoscope rug adds a retro colour pop against the white BoConcept’s Bergen sofa.
Natural Textures and Wood are Key to Scandinavian Design
Wood flooring is a staple in Scandinavian interiors, with timber in abundance in these densely forested countries. Lengthy, wide planks in light timbers or ‘bleached’ wood are de rigueur.
Natural floorings such as wool, coir, seagrass or sisal in light colours are also good options. Alternatively, combine wood flooring with a large rug in a soft texture or natural material.
Interior timber cladding – whether it has a rustic appearance, is a painted tongue and groove (which also looks wonderfully Scandinavian on vaulted ceilings), or perhaps the use of floor planks on the walls – is one way of adding texture to walls.
Painted interior brickwork is another great way of adding texture to a Scandi room.
Go for Scandi-Inspired Window Dressings
Window dressings are unfussy and are often of a soft, light material such as cotton — they lend privacy but do not impede natural light entering.
In bedrooms, combine with a blackout roller or venetian blinds. The clean lines offered by shutters (particularly in wood or painted white wood) are also ideal.
Use window dressings that allow natural light to enter, whilst ensuring privacy.
For inspiration, take a look at these 12 cosy Scandinavian style interiors