How do Heat Pumps Work? The Different Systems Explained

Kensa ground source heat pump
(Image credit: Kensa Heat Pumps)

With the rollout of heat pumps set to accelerate in the coming years, many homeowners looking to embrace low-carbon heating systems will likely be asking the same question - how do heat pumps work?

Heat pumps are a renewable heating system that the government is backing to play a key role in the push towards net zero. And while air source heat pumps, ground source heat pumps and hybrid heat pumps all transfer thermal energy from one point to another, they operate in slightly different ways. 

Jack Woodfield
News Editor

Jack has worked in journalism for 11 years and was the News Editor for Homebuilding & Renovating from 2019 until the beginning of 2023. He strives to break the most relevant and beneficial stories for self builders, extenders and renovators, including the latest news on the construction materials shortage and hydrogen heating. In 2021 he appeared on BBC's The World at One to discuss the government's planning reforms. 

He enjoys testing new tools and gadgets, and having bought his first home in 2013, he has renovated every room and recently finished a garden renovation.